Improved on-street parking management in Makati

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Brief summary of this reform

Makati Parking Authority (MAPA) carries out effective on-street parking management in the Makati CBD using uniformed parking attendants with digital devices. The high standard of parking management in the area stands out in contrast with the extremely weak on-street parking management across most of the rest of Metro Manila.

Why should you care?

The unusual institutional arrangements in Makati CBD (where the Ayala corporation plays a prominent role) may make some aspects of MAPA difficult to replicate but it stands as proof that effective on-street parking management can be achieved even in middle-income countries where good governance is difficult to achieve.

Country

Philippines

Vehicle type

diverse

State/province

Metro Manila

Key actor type

Government (any level) with private sector

Jurisdiction

Makati City

Primary motivation

orderly parking (usually for wider benefits too)

Agencies involved

Makati Parking Authority (MAPA) created by the Makati City Government, Ayala Land Inc., MaCEA, and the Makati Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Is it a model or a warning?

useful model

Reform type

Main parking category

Main parking paradigm shift

parking management broadly

On-street in mainly commercial streets

Helpful for park-once-and-walk approach

Adaptive Parking thrust

Implementation status

Year adopted

Both P and On

implemented

1987

Goals of the reform

“to effect low-cost traffic management that shall control and facilitate free movement and regulated parking of motor vehicles" in the area.

Impetus (what problem, campaign, opportunity or event prompted action?)

MAPA was formed in response to the chaotic on-street parking situation in the 1980’s.

Detailed description of the reform

Makati Parking Authority (MAPA) carries out effective on-street parking management in the Makati CBD using uniformed parking attendants with digital devices.

On-street spaces for both cars and motorcycles have been marked and parking is illegal outside the marked spaces. Standards of parking markings and signage are high.

Time limits of 3 hours apply but parking is also priced. As of 2019, the prices are P50 for the first two hours and P60 for the third hour for cars and P30 per hour for motorcycles.

Enforcement is via wheel-clamping or towing. This approach is probably because an unreliable national vehicle registration system may make violation notices and collection of fines otherwise impossible.

MAPA was created as a cooperative effort between the Makati City Government, Ayala Land Inc., MaCEA, and the Makati Chamber of Commerce and Industry. MAPA was formed as a nonstock, non-profit and self-sustaining private corporation.

MAPA's main source of revenue is the collection of on-street parking fees. Fifteen percent of net revenue goes to the City Government. The rest supports MAPA's operations with the surplus going to "parking and traffic management projects such as installation of traffic lights, maintenance of road pavement marking and parking and traffic related road signs, and posting of parking wardens and traffic enforcers."

Results or impacts

MAPA and the City of Makati claim that MAPA has:
"Minimized traffic congestion and obstruction along Ayala Avenue, cutting end-to-end travel time from 30-45 minutes to 13-15 minutes;
Discouraged long-term use of onstreet parking, thereby significantly increasing the number of slots available for use by business visitors;
Minimized vagrancy, vandalism, and car theft;
Generated employment;
Disciplined motorists to mind and follow traffic and parking rules, and pedestrians to use the sidewalks, underpasses and elevated walkway; and
Restored order in the streets of the District."

MaCEA (1 Sept. 2019) The Makati Parking Authority (MAPA): An Overview, https://macea.com.ph/2019/09/01/the-makati-parking-authority-mapa-an-overview/

Sources and acknowledgements

MaCEA (1 Sept. 2019) The Makati Parking Authority (MAPA): An Overview, https://macea.com.ph/2019/09/01/the-makati-parking-authority-mapa-an-overview/

Aida Sevilla-Mendoza (8 October 2014) "On-street parking in Makati", MotionCars column, The Inquirer, https://motioncars.inquirer.net/32348/on-street-parking-in-makati

Barter, P.A. (2011) Parking Policy in Asian Cities. Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila. Available in hard copy or on-line via https://www.adb.org/publications/parking-policy-asian-cities. 98 pages. ISBN: 978-92-9092-241-4 (print), 978-92-9092-352-7 (web).

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Last updated: 

2 Mar 2021