Moscow on-street parking pricing and improved parking management
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Brief summary of this reform
Starting with a pilot in late 2012, Moscow has been progressively implementing paid on-street parking in its core areas, along with greatly improved parking enforcement.
The results have included reduced congestion, a huge reduction in illegal parking and a large drop in on-street parking durations.
Why should you care?
This is a case of a city that had an extremely daunting set of parking problems but has managed to establish relatively strong parking management in a short period of time. This should encourage other cities that parking management can be rapidly improved.
Key actor type
City of Moscow
orderly parking (usually for wider benefits too)
Moscow Transport Management and Road Infrastructure Development Department
Is it a model or a warning?
Main parking category
Main parking paradigm shift
On-street (many contexts)
Helpful for park-once-and-walk approach
Adaptive Parking thrust
P: Price parking in the right ways and with the right rates for each place and time
Goals of the reform
Key objectives included:
Reduce illegal parking
Reduce traffic congestion
Increase parking turnover
Mode shift away from private car for city centre oriented trips
Impetus (what problem, campaign, opportunity or event prompted action?)
On-street parking in central Moscow was extremely chaotic with rampant illegal parking, double parking and parking on footways.
Detailed description of the reform
Paid parking began with a pilot project in November 2012 and has now expanded to most of the busiest districts.
In June 2013 paid parking expanded to within the Boulevard Ring. In June 2014, it extended to near the Moscow City International Business Center.
At the same time, differential parking rates were introduced.
In August 2014, paid parking expanded to the Third Transport Ring.
Fees vary based on demand. "The maximum fee of 200 RUR is set in the busiest streets (with a 100% daily capacity, e.g. Neglinnaya, Malaya Bronnaya, Petrovka streets) within the Third Ring Road."
There are now over 80 thousand paid parking slots in Moscow, 10% of which are reserved for low-mobility citizens.
Results or impacts
Travelling speed increased by 12%;
Parking violation reduced by 64%;
The number of personal vehicles entering the territory within the Garden Ring reduced by 25%;
Vehicles turnover rate increased 4-fold (before the average parking time used to be 6-8 hours, now this parameter is not exceeding 1,5 hours)."
Sources and acknowledgements
Report by consultants NOW! Innovations (pdf)
"BY THE END OF 2013 THE MOSCOW PARKING AREA TO BE EXPANDED TO THE GARDEN RING LIMITS"
11 Mar 2021