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Moscow on-street parking pricing and improved parking management

When you use this in your parking change-making efforts, please give credit to Parking Reform Atlas and/or its sources.


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Brief summary of this reform

Starting with a pilot in late 2012, Moscow has been progressively implementing paid on-street parking in its core areas, along with greatly improved parking enforcement.

The results have included reduced congestion, a huge reduction in illegal parking and a large drop in on-street parking durations.

Why should you care?

This is a case of a city that had an extremely daunting set of parking problems but has managed to establish relatively strong parking management in a short period of time. This should encourage other cities that parking management can be rapidly improved.


Russian Federation

Vehicle type



Key actor type

Metropolitan government


City of Moscow

Primary motivation

orderly parking (usually for wider benefits too)

Agencies involved

Moscow Transport Management and Road Infrastructure Development Department

Is it a model or a warning?

useful model

Reform type

Main parking category

Main parking paradigm shift


On-street (many contexts)

Helpful for park-once-and-walk approach

Adaptive Parking thrust

Implementation status

Year adopted

P: Price parking in the right ways and with the right rates for each place and time



Goals of the reform

Key objectives included:
Reduce illegal parking
Reduce traffic congestion
Increase parking turnover
Mode shift away from private car for city centre oriented trips

Impetus (what problem, campaign, opportunity or event prompted action?)

On-street parking in central Moscow was extremely chaotic with rampant illegal parking, double parking and parking on footways.

Detailed description of the reform

Paid parking began with a pilot project in November 2012 and has now expanded to most of the busiest districts.

In June 2013 paid parking expanded to within the Boulevard Ring. In June 2014, it extended to near the Moscow City International Business Center.

At the same time, differential parking rates were introduced.

In August 2014, paid parking expanded to the Third Transport Ring.

Fees vary based on demand. "The maximum fee of 200 RUR is set in the busiest streets (with a 100% daily capacity, e.g. Neglinnaya, Malaya Bronnaya, Petrovka streets) within the Third Ring Road."

There are now over 80 thousand paid parking slots in Moscow, 10% of which are reserved for low-mobility citizens.

Results or impacts

According to
Travelling speed increased by 12%;
Parking violation reduced by 64%;
The number of personal vehicles entering the territory within the Garden Ring reduced by 25%;
Vehicles turnover rate increased 4-fold (before the average parking time used to be 6-8 hours, now this parameter is not exceeding 1,5 hours)."

Sources and acknowledgements

Painted Greek Island

Last updated: 

11 Mar 2021

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